TV Goryachev, MD, assistant professor of valeology KKIPK RO
History of biologically active drugs in medical practice dates back several centuries. Medicinal properties of papaya tree knew the Indians of America at the time of Columbus and called the fruit of this tree "guy - whether it is healthy." Antillean aborigines for centuries used the juice of papaya tree for the treatment of ulcers, abrasions, skin diseases. As it turned out, it contains a proteolytic enzyme papain. In addition, from the milky sap of plants have been identified other enzymes - Bromelain, fitsin, which along with Papain is widely used in ophthalmic practice.
Domestic ophthalmologist VP Filatov has priority for developing foundations of bio-active drugs in the treatment of many eye diseases. It is well known at the present time, aloe and Phibbs (biogenic stimulant made from the distillation firth mud containing cinnamic acid, and coumarins).
In the treatment of any form of pathology, including pathology of the vision must come from well-known postulate: the physician should heal quickly, safely and pleasantly.
Effective treatment of eye diseases can be only if it is implemented in a timely manner, adequate disease, using the latest science and combines local and general effects on pathological changes in the eye with the effect on the entire body to mobilize its powerful protective factors.
Elimination of foci of infection and invasion, regulation of the disturbed functions, therapy as causing eye disease and associated suffering are a prerequisite of complex treatment of patients. Particularly important to increase the body's defenses and reparative abilities. In this regard, the use of dietary supplements in treatment of patients with ocular pathology is highly effective.
Feature of the treatment of ocular pathology is the presence of barriers to applied medicine. When local treatment of such a barrier is the cornea, which has directed permeability, ie the ability to skip some substances only in the eye, while others are just out of the eye, with an overall introduction of the medicine must pass the blood aqueous barrier. In addition to certain physical and chemical properties (molecular size of the active substance, pH, osmotic pressure, etc.) are of great importance dosage forms of drugs, methods of their application.
Mobilization of defenses and mechanisms of the body needed to accelerate recovery or receiving stable remission have expressed sharp eye diseases, and all the more necessary in patients with protracted, indolent, chronic processes. Along with the immune system, toning, tissue, and other therapy, you must create an enabling environment, adequate nutrition, including a highly biologically active additives (BAA). It should be noted that many drugs can affect the state of the eye and visual functions. Changes in the retina pigment dystrophy type can cause chloroquine, chlorpromazine, atebrin, fenilpirazin. Toxic effect of streptomycin on the retina, cardiac glycosides, isoniazid, etc. When antibiotics are described optic neuritis, accommodation disturbances, nystagmus, diplopia, steroids can trigger glaucoma, cause clouding of the lens and corneal dystrophy.
There are reports of increased frequency of fungal eye diseases, edema, and optic neuritis, keratomalyatsii of corticosteroids.
When the complex treatment of ophthalmic practice can be of great help to herbal drugs with a wide range of biologically active effect on various body systems as well as treatment solves several problems:
- Provide for eye disease healing effect through the nervous and endocrine systems;
- Sanitize the body in order to interrupt the etiologic and pathogenetic relation to infectious and other centers with a patient eye;
- Adjust the disturbed humoral, endocrine, and other features make possible compensation and stabilization of the eye causing changes in the common diseases of the body;
- To improve defenses and reparative capacity of the organism.
These tasks help to solve the high-quality, recent clinical trials of biologically active additives company ART LIFE with a high level of biological activity that are necessary in the treatment of virtually every form of pathology of the vision. This could include drugs such as Green Star, Discovery CHARM Discovery POWER, lecithin.
Inflammatory diseases of eye
Inflammatory processes prevail in the pathology of the organ of vision, both in frequency lesions, and in the variety of clinical manifestations and forms. This conjunctivitis, blepharitis, barley, uveitis, chorioretinitis, etc. Dialectical unity of protective and damaging the value of inflammation is particularly evident on the example of the eye. Its mechanisms (phagocytosis, immune and other responses) inflammation of the affected area limits, stop aggressive action and destroy infectious agents, but on the other hand, none of ocular inflammation does not stop completely without a trace, and with more severe disease disrupted livelihoods and function of the eye. Inflammatory disease affects all tissues and the formation of appendages of the eye and all the shell of the eyeball, the inflammation can be acute, subacute and chronic, and diagnosis and treatment of the latter is more difficult, even with conjunctivitis. The development of inflammation, its completion in recovery, or any defect depends on phagocytosis and enzymatic degradation products of tissue decomposition processes of proliferation. Lack of enzymes may be one reason for the transition of inflammation in the chronic form.
Hence it is expedient widely used dietary supplements in treatment of inflammatory eye diseases. Boosting the body's defenses and saturating his missing set of vitamins, micro and macro, enzymes, they help the body cope with the disease.
Degenerative diseases of the eye second place after the inflammation in the pathology of the organ of vision is occupied disease caused by impaired trophic its tissues and structures. Metabolic disorders are mainly associated with insufficient intake of tissues or cells of nutrients, either by their lack of assimilation. Such changes in the shells or entities are summarized in the eyes of dystrophy of the cornea, vascular tract, vitreous, retina, etc.
Degenerative eye diseases associated with changes in a certain kind of metabolism and development of protein, fat, carbohydrate and other dystrophies. Secondary degeneration, which are consequences of inflammation and injury of the vision, sometimes accompanied by inflammation. At the heart of dystrophies are disorders of metabolism, changes in blood supply (hypoxia) and the regulation of trophic (nervous, endocrine, etc.). Infiltration of cells and interstitial substance abnormal metabolic products, primarily of protein or fat, is a mandatory event for many hereditary and acquired especially dystrophy eyes. In the pathogenesis of many acquired dystrophy is of particular importance hyalinosis and in hereditary retinal degeneration - metabolic nucleoproteins, hromoproteidov and others. Reduced function of eye speeds almost mandatory for dystrophies of the anterior vascular tract secondary glaucoma, often complicated cataract, and retinal dystrophy often develop various forms of optic nerve atrophy, retinal detachment, atrophic foci, etc.
Degenerative damage to the retina and vascular eye membranes become one of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness. Such processes are referred to as fermentopathy, ie pathology associated with point gene mutations defining the enzymatic defect, which implies that the irreversibility of metabolic disorders.
When tapetoretinalnoy dystrophy observed violations of glycolysis, changes the function of border membranes, distorted exchange phosphatides and proteins in the retinal tissue. Reduces the content of minerals, such as copper, cobalt and others in the serum. Clinical manifestations of pigmented or tapetoretinalnoy dystrophies are reducing temnovoi adaptation and increasing restriction of visual fields, the decline in visual acuity. In patients with dystrophies often reveal inherent dysproteinemia atherosclerosis, high levels of lipids and a tendency to hypercoagulability of blood. In the treatment of dystrophic lesions of the organ of vision, in addition to specific for different forms of therapy is widely used vasodilators and drugs that improve the microcirculation, vitamins A and E in normal doses as antioxidants, reducing the excessive peroxidase activity in retinal tissue.
Improving the trophic tissue damage and permeability of the vascular wall is achieved complex vitamins (group B) and vitaminosoderzhaschimi substances are catalysts of metabolism.
In the combined treatment of dystrophy is a topical application of drugs such as Green Star, LECITHIN HIGH QUALITY NEYROSTRONG, BP FORMULA, beta-carotene, COMPLEX WITH VITAMIN C, VITAMIN "E".
Allergic diseases of eye
According to WHO, suffer from allergies and 10% of the population of developed countries, and this ratio tends to increase as disease severity increases. The main reasons for growth are allergization mass vaccination, the introduction into use and production of new chemical items and materials, the irrational use of medicines., Especially antibiotics, the changing nature of power, etc. In the development of allergic diseases of the exogenous non-infectious allergens are the most important variety of medicines and cosmetics, and from the infectious agents most frequently found staphylococcus and streptococcus. Of the endogenous allergens most important in the pathology of the eye are causative agents of tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis and other bacteria, less viruses, fungi, etc. In order to mobilize the body's defense mechanisms, in addition to the applied therapy for allergic lesions of the organ of vision may recommend calcium supplements, vitamins and complex lactic acid bacteria for the normalization of intestinal microflora.
Prophylactic use of dietary supplements
Anatomical and physiological features of the development, as well as high demands on the body of imposed modern technology teaching in preschool and school age, raises important task of preventing fatigue and the development of refractive errors (myopia, hyperopia) in childhood.
Apart from general hygienic requirements for visual work (pose, illumination), increasing total physical activity, should significantly improve the nature of power at the expense of dietary supplements with vitamin B complex, minerals, lactic acid bacteria.