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Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid, calcium pantothenate)

Pantothenic acid gets its name from the Greek "pantothenic," which means "everywhere", because of its extremely wide distribution. 

Pantothenic acid, getting into the body, turns into pantetin, which is part of coenzyme A, which plays an important role in the processes of oxidation and acetylation. Coenzyme A - one of the few substances in the body, involved in metabolism and proteins, and fats, and carbohydrates.

Vitamin B5 is needed for the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, amino acids, the synthesis of essential fatty acids, cholesterol, histamine, acetylcholine, and hemoglobin.

Pantothenic acid is sensitive to heat, heat treatment lost almost 50% of the vitamin.

Vegetable sources:

Peas, yeast, hazelnut, green leafy vegetables, buckwheat and oat cereals, cauliflower.

Sources of animals:

Liver, kidney, heart, chicken, egg yolk, milk, and fish eggs.

Synthesis in the body:

Produced in significant quantities of Escherichia coli.

Action

An important property of vitamin B5 is its ability to stimulate production of adrenal hormones - glucocorticoids, which makes it a powerful tool for the treatment of diseases such as arthritis, colitis, allergies and heart disease.

It is important in the formation of antibodies, promotes the assimilation of other vitamins, and also participates in the synthesis of neurotransmitters.

Pantothenic acid is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids. It normalizes lipid metabolism and activates the redox processes in the body.

Pantothenic acid has a significant lipid-lowering effect due, apparently by inhibiting the biosynthesis of the major classes of lipids that form in the liver of LDL and very low density.

Daily maintenance

Age (years) - Pantothenic acid, mg
0-1/2 - 2 1/2-1 - 3 1-3 - 03.04 04.06 - 03.04 07.10 - 05.04 Men 11-14 - 4-7 15-18 - 4-7 19-24 - 4-7 25-50 - 4-7 Over 51 - 07.04 Women 11-14 - 4-7 15-18 - 4-7 19-24 - 4-7 25-50 - 4-7 Over 51 - 04/07 Pregnant - Nursing 4.7 - 4.7

The need for vitamin B5 increases with heavy exercise, as well as in lactating women.


Symptoms of hypovitaminosis

For vitamin A deficiency can result in low content in the diet of protein, fat, vitamin C, B vitamins, diseases of the small intestine with malabsorption syndrome, as well as long-term use of many antibiotics and sulfonamides.

fatigue

depression

Sleep Disorder

fatigue

headaches

nausea

muscle pain

burning, tingling, numbness of toes

burning, agonizing pain in the lower limbs, mainly at night

redness feet

dyspepsia

ulcer 12 Duodenal

When pantothenic deficiency reduces the body's resistance to infection, often caused acute respiratory illness.

In surgery pantothenate calcium is used to eliminate intestinal atony after operations on the gastrointestinal tract.

Calcium pantothenate is used in the treatment of withdrawal symptoms in patients with alcoholism.

Vitamin B5 shown to be effective in large doses (up to 10 grams per day) in the treatment of acne (acne).

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