Chronic venous insufficiency - is the difficulty of the venous outflow, which causes a pathological condition. Venous insufficiency occurs in all people with varicose veins and other diseases and is divided into several consecutive stages.
Stage I In the beginning of the disease marked the emergence of individual knots of varicose veins, which do not cause particular concern, but sometimes ache a little. It is often stated weight and puffiness of the feet in the evening. At this stage of varicose timely ultrasound diagnosis reveals insufficient valve.
Stage II at this stage, the increase in the number of varicose veins. The disease is slowly but continuously progressing. If the first varicose veins appeared below the knee, then the disease will be much faster to develop. Patients worried about heavy legs, swelling, and sometimes night cramps. In the hot season may develop thrombophlebitis.
If Stage III disease is not stopped, then gradually develops Phase III venous insufficiency. Puffiness become permanent, the skin in the ankle becomes dark, constantly worried about heaviness in the legs that may persist even after a night's rest. Often develop thrombophlebitis of varicose veins and skin inflammation, eczema and dermatitis. Application of ointments from varicose veins and leeches at this stage often leads to skin irritation with the development of varicose dermatitis and even venous ulcers. Stage III, if there was a vein thrombophlebitis and still passable, can cure varicose veins without surgery using laser photocoagulation and ultrasound sclerotherapy.
Stage IV final stages of varicose veins is the appearance of venous ulcers. This is the most serious complication that causes the patient to seek help. These ulcers heal without removing the cause for years and reappear, however, after the removal of venous stasis, they heal within a few weeks and did not reappear.
Medical gymnastics in chronic venous insufficiency
Violations of blood flow in the feet occur in various diseases of the venous system (varicose veins, thrombosis, thrombophlebitis, congenital diseases of veins, etc.). Regular performance of a complex health-care exercises will help reduce the manifestations of venous insufficiency in lower limbs, slow the progression of the disease and reduce the risk of a variety of often life-threatening complications.
Starting position: lying on his back. Breathing deeply and evenly, you should lie down, relax with your eyes closed. It is recommended to put some pillows under your feet so that they were raised at an angle of 15-20 °. Lying on your back and breathing evenly, you need to run your feet as would be pedaled bicycle. Lying on your back with outstretched legs, take a deep breath. On the exhale bend your right leg, pulling knee toward your chest. Inhaling, straighten your leg straight up. Exhaling, lower it. Alternately repeat this exercise for each leg. Lying on your back, put your hands at your sides, lift your feet straight up. Spinning at the same time both feet inside, then outside. Locate your hands at your sides, breathing evenly, alternating legs crossed, alternating them. Bend your knees, not taking his foot off the floor. Put your hands on your hips. Slowly inhaling, lift your head and torso. Hands at the same time to slide to his knees. Slowly exhale, return to starting position. Put your hands at your sides, lift the legs at an angle of 15-20 °, between the foot clamp a small pillow. Slowly inhaling, bend at the waist, buttocks, tearing off the floor. Slowly exhale, return to starting position. Leg lift at an angle 15-20 °. Bend the right leg, pull knee toward your chest. In this hands tightly clasp the foot. Slowly straighten your leg straight up. Hands tightly clasp the leg. Slowly lower your leg, hands should slide across the thigh. Repeat exercise with the other leg. Duration of the course of gymnastics should not be less than 10-15 minutes.
Starting position: sitting on a chair. Legs together, arms along the body. Run alternately lifting the legs slightly bent at the knees. Repeat 8 times. Put in front of a handkerchief on the floor. Raise it, alternately clutching fingers of the left and right leg. Repeat 5 times.
Run alternately lifting the legs with rotary motion of the knee. Repeat 8 times.
Get up from his chair and run in place for 1 minute, then run sipping his whole body, raising his hands up and rising on his toes. Put your right foot to the left, lift your left leg as high as possible. Then do the exercise, changing the position of the feet. Repeat 7 times.
Put your feet together, feet - on the heels, then rolling motion to move the emphasis on noski.Povtorit 8 times.
Put your right foot to the left. Rotate the right foot clockwise, then change legs. Repeat 10 times.
Pull straight legs forward, to bring together. Pull socks with effort, trying to get to the floor, then as an effort to bend the foot. Repeat 10 times. Pull straight legs forward. Perform flexion and extension of toes. Can each leg separately, then simultaneously. Repeat 10 times. Thumb of his right leg slowly to the tibia left leg from foot to knee, then do the same heel. Do the exercise the other leg. Repeat 10 times.
Put your feet at a distance of 15 cm from each other, put ourselves on the floor of a small object. Toes of both feet and grab it, slightly raised above the floor, try to keep a few seconds, then release. Repeat exercise 5 times.
Starting position: standing behind the chair. Flatten with your feet together, run alternately shaking his right foot, then left. Repeat 10 times.
Feet to bring together, to rise on his toes, leaning his arms on the chair, then down. Repeat 10 times.
Without lifting the heels off the floor, completing 5 sit-ups. Leaning back in his chair, do 10 jumping on his toes. Put your feet together, hands can rely on his chair. To rise on his toes, stretching the entire body, then go down to your feet and get back on your heels. Repeat 6 times.
Stand sideways to a chair, one hand leaning on the backrest, lift his leg bent at the knee as high as possible, then lower. Repeat 5 times.
Do the exercise the other leg. Holding one hand on the back of a chair lift extended leg as high as possible, then lower. Repeat 5 times. Then do the exercise the other leg. Stand sideways to a chair and, holding on to it with one hand and do 10 sit-ups without taking heels off the floor. Then in 5 sit-ups on your toes. Run in place for 1 minute, gradually moving on walking on the spot.