It is an inflammation of a vein wall, followed by the formation of a blood clot - a thrombus. Causes of disease is an infection, slowing of blood flow through the veins, reducing the reactivity of the organism, changes in the blood, increasing its clotting and thinning of the walls of the veins, which in turn is due to a lack of body vitamin s A, E, P, C and minerals - calcium, potassium and magnesium. Thrombophlebitis often occurs as a complication after childbirth. In some cases, the inflammatory process in the walls of blood vessels occurs as a result of infection from open wounds.
Accelerate the development of the disease can slow the velocity of blood flow and increase its coagulability.
There are acute, subacute and chronic thrombophlebitis. Localization differentiate thrombophlebitis of deep and superficial veins, and the nature of the process - and purulent negnoyny. Acute thrombophlebitis in the early days is accompanied by severe pain in calf muscles, increase body temperature to 39,5-40 ° C. Also there is a significant swelling of the entire limb, the skin on it becomes tense, shiny, pale, and sometimes cyanotic. Tense limb, usually colder healthy. If acute thrombosis becomes putrid, observed the development of multiple abscesses in the course of thrombosed veins, which may lead to limb cellulitis. In most cases of acute thrombosis can be cured without going into the chronic stage. Duration of disease - from 10 days to 3 months. Duration of chronic thrombophlebitis - up to 1 year or more.
When migrating thrombophlebitis affects mainly the superficial veins of upper and lower extremities. The disease is accompanied by the appearance of painful nodules in the course of the veins. The skin over these nodules swell up and blush. Such painful nodules occur in different parts of the limbs. The general condition of the patient varies little. Body temperature in most cases, low-grade. Migratory thrombophlebitis recurs and can last for years. This disease is more often in men. It is characterized by the simultaneous involvement of the arteries and refers to a group of thromboangiitis obliterans.
Treatment of thrombophlebitis can be conservative and surgical. In acute thrombophlebitis recommended strict bed rest, preventing the possibility of extending the microflora and pain appearance.
To improve venous drainage and reduce swelling and pain should be attached to the legs elevated position.
It is recommended to drink up to 3 liters of fluid a day, unless contraindicated by the cardiovascular system.
When thrombophlebitis is recommended to use a set of simple exercises that should be performed 1 time per day.
Starting position: lying on his back.
Feet together, hands at your sides. Alternately lift legs, knees bent, and try to get your knees up to his chin. Repeat 5 times.
Straight leg raise in turn, delaying for a few seconds in this position, then lower. Repeat exercise 5 times.
Repeat the same exercise, but at the same time by two feet.
Feet together, hands at your sides. Raise the knees bent and feet, imitating the motion of the cyclist, alternately bend and straighten them. Repeat the exercise 10 times.
Legs extended forward. Take a deep breath. On the inhale bend your left leg and pull knee toward your chest. Exhaling, straighten your leg up and then dropped. Repeat the exercise with the other leg.
On the exhale, lift straight legs to a vertical position. Inspiratory omitted. Repeat 10 times.
Put his hands along the body with your palms down. On the inhale and raise both legs bent at the knees. On the exhale, straighten them up to a vertical position. Then again, bend your knees and inhale to return to its original position. Exercise perform 8-10 times.
Put your hands at your sides. Legs to lift straight up and rotate simultaneously with both feet inside, then outside. Repeat exercise 10-15 times.
In turn, bend and straighten the foot at the ankle joint itself - from itself. Then, just at a time to bend and straighten toes. Repeat exercise 10-15 times.
The legs bend at the knees, not taking his foot off the floor. Put your hands on your hips. Breathe out slowly and simultaneously raise your head and torso, her hands while reaching for the knees or behind them. On the exhale, slowly, to return to its original position.
Feet to put on the pillow at an angle of 20 °. Right leg bent, pulling the knee toward your chest. In this case, both hands tightly clasp the foot. Then slowly straighten your leg up. Hands at this time, firmly grasping his leg, should slide over the calf to knee level. Slowly lower the leg. Hands tightly grasping his leg and slide on the thigh. However, to do the other leg. Repeat exercise 5-6 times.
It is impossible to begin with heavy loads, especially if the earlier exercises were not fulfilled.
Starting position: standing.
Feet to put together, hands along lower torso. From a standing position should alternate each leg to make deep lunges forward, bending the leg at the knee and making it stop. At the same leg, standing behind, must remain on a full foot. Repeat the exercise 10 times.
Alternately lift your feet up and sideways. Repeat 10 times.
Max Run straight left leg, then bent at the knee. Repeat the same with his right foot. Make at least 8 times.
Run, running on the spot with a smooth transition to walking.
Foot put tightly together, arms extended at your sides. A slow exhalation take the shoulders back. On a slow breath and relax your shoulders, tilt your head forward.
Stand between two pillars. Basing his right hand on the right footing, and with his left hand on the left pillar, climb on your toes, then lower the heels. Repeat this exercise 15-20 times.
Lean both hands on the wall in front of you at shoulder level. Stand on your toes and stay in that position for 10 seconds. Then go down, get back on your heels. Repeat exercise 15-20 times.
Stand straight, feet shoulder width 30-40 cm, feet slightly outward. Straight arms extended forward. Slowly bend your knees, holding his head and back straight. Tilt the body forward and 5 seconds to stay in this position. Repeat exercise 10-15 times.
Starting position: standing on all fours.
Right leg bent at the knee and take her back, then did the same with his left foot. Repeat the exercise for each leg 10 times.
Take turns each leg, bent at the knee to the side and try to raise it as high as possible. Repeat the exercise 10 times.