Trauma – this is a doctor dealing with treatment of different injuries and all polytraumatic syndromes. Besides all this often enough trauma surgeon carries out the treatment of flatfoot, violation of stop forms and curvature of the spine. As a General rule it is doctor treats the injury, whether the damage to the muscles, bones, joints, tendon and ligaments. To date has significantly improved the performance of a variety of injuries resulting from activities pretty extreme sports. More details about this profession will tell us Ilya V. Zelenkin - Moscow clinic of "Fantasy".
What kind of disease treats trauma?
In the beginning, it is necessary to designate that all the hard work of trauma is to treat the following diseases:
- bone Tumor
- Fractures (pathological and traumatic)
- torn ligaments;
Tests that you must pass the trauma?
Usually, outpatient traumatology uses the following methods to diagnose:
- X-ray study;
- the General analysis of blood;
advice from the trauma surgeon
unfortunately, injuries can inevitably be accompanied by a person. Thus it is important to promptly and correctly to provide the necessary emergency first aid – with this purpose, you are given the following recommendations for the consideration of the main types of fractures:
- Fractures of the wrist and hand – must be sidirovat fracture, thus putting the bus starting already from the base of the digits and ending with the upper part of the forearm. In the awful pain you can take pain medication;
- forearm Fractures – before the patient will return to the Department of traumatology, it is recommended to immobilize the area with a wooden tire, putting it, starting from the lower third of the shoulder to the base of all fingers. The arm must be bent directly at the elbow joint. With significant pain have to take pain medication;
- broken ribs – dependent on severity of the fracture it is recommended that only an elevated position, oxygen, pain analgesics. When the desired pending admission intercostals novocaine blockade;
- spinal Fractures – cannot in no case to transfer the patient to a sitting or upright position, try to tilt his head. The patient should very carefully be laid on the stretcher on his back and under his head to cushion underlay;
- Fractures of the tibia – first of all, you want to sidirovat Shin: while the splint is applied only from the upper thigh to the end of all the toes. For very severe pain it is necessary to introduce an anaesthetic.
Translated by "Yandex.Translate": translate.yandex.ru.