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Polyps in the intestines

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Polypoid syndromes are widespread diseases, but the exact statistics on the number of people suffering from this disease – no. Why is it so? Polyps in the intestines for a long time, it does not show itself until you begin to seriously interfere with the functioning of the body. But after that, their symptoms are similar with many proctologic diseases and an accurate diagnosis will require a major special survey.


Polyps in the gut: what is it?

Complete medical description of this disease and about its diagnosis and treatment, you will learn to .
But if you describe the disease in simple terms, is a pathological growths on the mucous membrane of the intestine. Are benign tumors, with high risk of degeneration into malignant. Have different shapes, but always rise above the epithelium. Can have a flat base or prominent stem, resembling a mushroom.



unfortunately, the exact causes of the illness has not yet been determined. There are many factors that can trigger the disease.

  • virus infection;
  • frequent or chronic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa, causing pathological processes;
  • improper diet, associated with a predominance of animal fats and insufficient intake of fiber;
  • poor environment, where the blood receives a large number of carcinogenic substances;
  • diseases of the digestive organs and vascular system;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • the presence of food Allergy with prolonged exposure to the allergen.

Polyps in the intestine: diagnosis

In the early stages of the disease can only identify preventive diagnostics. So after 40 years it is recommended by not less often than once a year.

When pain or spasms in the bowel (the rectum) or itching in the anus, the presence of abundant mucus or bleeding with a bowel movement one should immediately consult a proctologist. Only a professional diagnosis will be able to identify the causes of what is happening and to cut off diseases with similar symptoms (hemorrhoids, paraproctitis, anal fissure, etc.).

For such a diagnostic is:

  • digital examination;
  • sigmoidoscopy;
  • colonoscopy;
  • barium enema;
  • CT and MRI.

Treatment of polyps in the intestine

it Should be noted that polyps in the intestine include only surgical treatment. Conservative methods yet to be developed. So you have to simply delete them. Ways to udalenie depend on the classification of the disease, size of tumors, their number and location. When the degeneration of the polyps into malignant tumors is resection of the infected unit.

Among the main methods of treatment:

  • removal of polyp by burning of the legs or the bed electrode;
  • transanal removal in case of defeat the lower portion of the colon;
  • resection of area of bowel with tumors;
  • excision polyps antimicrobiological way;
  • removal of the colon with subsequent connection of the ileum with the rectum.

Translated by "Yandex.Translate":

Author: Artlife
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