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What is a Mycoplasma?

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Mycoplasmosis is called chronic infection, often striking the genitourinary system. Cause this infection Mycoplasma (tiny bacteria that live in animals, humans and plants). In the human body, in turn, can dwell in 16 species of Mycoplasma, of which 6-th species live on the mucous membranes of the urinary tract and genitals; the remaining 10 five species – in the throat and mouth.


Varieties of Mycoplasma

6-th species of mycoplasmas which live on the mucous membranes of the urinary tract and genital organs:

  • Ureaplasma urealyticum. They are the cause of anaplasmosis;
  • Mycoplasma penetrans, Mycoplasma spermatophilum, as well as Mycoplasma primatum. At the moment it is little studied, it is still only of academic interest;
  • Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium. They were studied in detail and it is the Mycoplasma and focus of this article. So under the mycoplasmas, we mean purely these 2 Islands.

I would like to mention that Mycoplasma is a conditionally-pathogenic microbes that can cause a number of diseases, but also of their often fixed and in healthy people.


How do you get?

Infection with Mycoplasma occurs either during birth, directly from the mother (with girls infected more often than boys), or through sexual contact in adults. Household contamination is very unlikely.


Basic forms of mycoplasmosis:

  • Bacterial vaginosis;
  • Urethritis in men;
  • Inflammatory diseases of the appendages and uterus;
  • Pyelonephritis.

Diagnosis of mycoplasmosis

the diagnosis and Treatment of mycoplasmosis do such doctors as:

  • gynecologist;
  • doctor;
  • urologist.

in Order to identify Mycoplasma used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and culture.

Also, in our country, widely used mutual Fund (direct immunofluorescence) and ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), but they are characterized by low accuracy (about 50 to 70 percent).

Detection of antibodies to mycoplasmas has limited value in the diagnosis of mycoplasmosis.


How to treat mycoplasmosis?

Detection of Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis is not a direct indication for the treatment of mycoplasmosis.

To date, the approach to the treatment of this disease should be: in identifying diseases, agents which are Mycoplasma (pyelonephritis, bacterial vaginosis, urethritis, inflammatory diseases of the appendages and uterus), the physician should not forget about their possible role. By the way, read details about that on the site

it should Also be noted that the agents of the above diseases are not so much and not only mycoplasmas, but also a huge number of other microorganisms. And the Mycoplasma becomes a cause of these diseases only in the separate cases.


Very important!

Treatment of mycoplasmosis at the same 2-um partners, otherwise there will be reinfection.

Translated by "Yandex.Translate":

Author: Artlife
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