Varicose veins (from the Latin varix - "bloating" Finnish "") - A disease of the vascular system of the lower limbs of man, in which there is expansion, deformation, nodules in the superficial veins. The disease is accompanied by failure of valves and improper blood flow. The cause of varicose veins is the weakness of the vein walls and disruption of the venous valves. Normally, the valve veins,check valve operates similarly on any line - it provides blood circulation in one direction only. If disturbed physiological balance between muscle cells, collagen and elastic fibers of venous walls, there is a malfunction of the valve system - developed the reverse current in the valve (reflux). As a consequence,s there is a stagnation of blood and increases the pressure. Changing the shape of the veins, increasing their size.
The predisposition to the emergence and development of the disease are:
- people with excess weight (increased load on all systems of the body, and especially on the motor apparatus);
- pregnant (due to temporaryx weight problems);
- people whose occupation involves a long stay in a standing position;
- people with hereditary preconditions.
< br /> - heaviness and pain in the legs;
- swelling of the feet or ankles;
- swelling of the legs;
- changes in the shape and color of the skin.
Treatmentcan be divided into two groups - surgical and conservative (therapeutic). To surgical methods to eliminate the disease include:
- phlebectomy, ie removal of the affected vein;
- laser coagulation of veins;
- radiofrequency coagulation of veins;
- sclerotherapy. < br />
disease therapy does not completely solve the problem - itbut can only slow down the progression of the disease and improve well-being. Performed in parallel with surgery or in the case where this is impossible for several reasons, as well as during rehabilitation. This group includes compression and drug treatments.
For the prevention of BPB is important to conduct a correct way of life.