Atherosclerosis - a progressive disease of blood vessels, leading to poor circulation in the legs. The main cause of the disease - sclerotic process that occurs in the vessels of the lower limbs, the aorta and its main branches, which narrows the lumen of the vessel, creating an obstruction and impairing blood flow.
Atherosclerosis of the lower limbs occurs mainly in men older than 40 years, particularly in individuals aged 55-75 years.
Factors contributing to the development of atherosclerosis, are unhealthy diet (fatty, fried, smoked and spicy foods), smoking, sedentary lifestyle, stress, genetic predisposition. Very often the development of the disease contribute to hypothermia feet, and neuro-trauma.
At risk include people who are overweight (at an elevated level of cholesterol in the blood), people with diabetes mellitus.
The first clinical sign of disease is a syndrome of intermittent claudication. It differs, or an acute burning, Expander or colicky pain in the calf muscles, or just a feeling of excessive fatigue, limb ischemia caused by skeletal muscle during exercise. Severe pain occur at an early stage of the disease, which first manifest themselves only when walking, and subsides at rest. As the pain become a permanent nature, often appear at night with regular calf muscle cramps.
If you do not take measures to eliminate the disease, the pain intensifies, disrupted trophic tissue - increased brittle nails, there is cyanosis, dryness, flaking and skin shine. At later stages of necrosis of tissue with the formation of ulcers, which may even lead to gangrene. If you do not start the treatment of atherosclerosis in time, there is a risk of thrombosis, trophic disorders of skin until the gangrene of the limbs and, consequently, the amputation. Unfortunately, even in the modern world are not found radical methods of treatment that can halt the progression of the disease. It is therefore very important to stop the disease at an early stage of development. As a preventive means you can use the techniques of phytoplankton, Medo-, paraffin-, diet, etc.
Exercises in atherosclerosis of lower extremities is recommended to perform during the day for several minutes. Starting position: lying on his stomach. Alternately, bend your knees, trying to get a heel hip. Hips at the same time from the floor not to interrupt. Repeat the exercise 10 times.
Starting position: lying on his back. Legs stretched out, relaxed. Leg bent at the knee to the maximum, stop with the slides on a litter. Then bend the leg at the hip and hands pressed against the trunk (back from the floor did not detach). After that, drop a foot on the floor, straighten your leg. The same movement to fulfill the other leg. Exercise should be done 10 times each foot.
Feet during the entire exercise should be raised above the floor. Raise the knees bent and feet, imitating the motion of a cyclist alternately bend and straighten them. Repeat 10 times.
Straightened leg raise from the floor to a height of 20-25 cm and retained in that position for 15 seconds, then lower. Repeat the same movement with the other leg. Exercise should be run 10 times for each leg.
Lying on your back, right leg bent at the knee and straighten your left, bringing the ankle in the position of dorsiflexion and 90 °. Leg lift to a height of 30 cm to keep it in that position for 10 seconds, then lower, the muscles relax. Repeat exercise 10 times with each foot.
Waving both arms and legs as it does a beetle flipped onto his back. This exercise improves blood circulation and warms the entire body. Straightened his legs tightly pressed against one another to within 10 seconds. Then relax the muscles. After that, within 5 seconds push the foot to the floor and then relax. Arms stretched along the body. Flexion and extension of the knees raised up the connected leg. Do the exercise 10 times.
Arms extended at your sides, palms put under the tailbone. Make exercise "Scissors" 10 times.
Hands behind his back. With the effort to pull the left leg and pull the sock. Repeat the exercise with his right foot and then pull both legs simultaneously hands behind his back. As closely as possible to squeeze the legs to the floor and then relax them slightly bending your knees. Repeat this exercise 5 times.
Exercise can be a little harder, this should be raised slightly straight legs. Straighten your legs, arms dissolve in the hand to the floor. Slowly, with an effort to pull the socks first to himself and then by himself. Do exercise 7 times.
Hands under his head. Raise the legs at an angle of 45 °, pull your toes and take a position for 5 seconds, then lower legs. Legs should be bent slowly, gradually pressing them to his stomach, and also slowly straighten. Slightly lift the body, to stay in this position for 5 seconds, then slowly lower. Bent legs dissolve slightly wider than shoulders. Alternately, connect your knees and raise them in hand. Repeat, closely linking the maximum and spreading legs. Repeat exercise 10 times.
Starting position: sitting on the floor. Shift and push the knees bent legs, with the force to restrain their hands. Repeat exercise 5 times.
Straight leg pull forward. Torso, trying to touch the breast straight knees. Make the slopes of 8.10. Straighten your legs. Clasp hands, feet and lean forward, trying to touch the forehead down. Knees do not bend. To stay in this position for 10 seconds. Return to starting position. Legs shake. Repeat 3-5 times.
Bend the leg at the knee, clasp the foot with both hands, lift the leg off the floor and straighten her clenched hands. Retained in that position for 15 seconds. Return to starting position. Repeat with the other leg. Starting position: standing. Put your hands on the chair, do squats, slowly bending your knees and lifting on his toes. Gradually the need to accelerate the pace and do squats all the more profound. Stand straight, hands on hips or put your hands stick to the back of a chair. Right foot to put on socks as possible. Then put it on the whole foot and the toes to put his left leg. Movements should be rhythmic and springy. Repeat 5-6 times each leg.
Stand straight, feet together. Vigorously bend your knees and just as vigorously unbend. Complete the exercise 10-15 times.
Stand straight, feet together, put your hands on your hips. High lift your right leg bent at the knee, take her away, then return to starting position. Complete the exercise by 8 times for each leg.
Get on your knees, hands on his belt. Slowly bend forward and touch his forehead and knees back to starting position. Do the exercise 20 times.
Stand up straight, put your hands on your hips. Alternately raise ourselves straightened leg. Do exercise at least 10 times each foot.
Stand straight with one leg while bending at the knee, lift her, hold her hands and knees to make a circular motion foot: 10 times and 10 times counterclockwise. Change legs and do the same with the other leg. Put your hands on your knees, do squat on their toes. Squatting, their knees turn to the left and right. Do the exercise 8-10 times.
This is an effective exercise to strengthen leg muscles and improve blood flow in them. Stand on your heels and run them for 30 seconds. Stand right side of the support. Raise your left leg straight forward and sit on his right leg as low as possible. When performing exercises all of the foot should fit snugly to the floor, not looking up. Then turn to the support of left side and repeat the exercise for the other leg.