What is neurology
The human body is one of the most committed toour world. This is a unique complex and harmonious system bodies, each of which performs a separate function (or functions), but work together with others. All that a person does during the day, or rather, how the body is doing is reacting to external and internal agents of the physiological needs of organismsma. From the point of view of the person, we all do it, simply because we do, because we can or because we can. But from the point of view of science the possibility of such actions, and their accuracy depends on the coordination of the nervous system - the totality of the nerve structures of the body that carries out the main regulatory and management functions.
The structure of the nervous system
The nervous system has a lot of similarities with the personal computer, which has a central executive body - the processor and peripheral - memory, video, audio, network adapters, power supplies, and so on. Etc. . In the nervous system, the role of the executive and supervisory system performs centralits machine ny presented brain and spinal cord (as well as smaller structural components), and the role of peripheral devices perform peripheral part presented the system of nerves and their processes.
The science of the nervous system
Like any other complex system in the body, with nervousYSTEM also likely to crash, pathologies and diseases as provides a direct link between the body and the external environment. In order to adequately respond to all these symptoms, they need to be thoroughly studied and is engaged in this branch of medicine - neurology. In addition, actually, diseases affecting the CNS and PNS, neurology inheritanceyaet great attention to studying the mechanisms of their development and course of typical symptoms, as well as methods of diagnosis and proper treatment. And of course, we study the question of prevention of neurological diseases, in our dynamic life too is essential.
Given the complexity of the nervousth system and mechanisms of its action, neurology is a complex concept and science, which stands a few main sections, including: physiology and anatomy, embryology, histology and biochemical part, Neurogenetics, neyrogigiena, neuropathology (something with which we often meet in home and in hospital). More details about neuritislogy is possible.
It is logical to assume that the problems of neurological man began to experience ever since its formation as a species. The first documentary testimony neurological research dated periods of ancient Egyptian kings. In the view ofe, in which we are accustomed today to perceive neurology, she began to form relatively recently - in the second half of the XIX century.
Man pursues a variety of diseases, but to determine their neurological origin can be, perhaps, for the following symptoms:
- speech disorders;
- Pain in the extremities, back pain, headaches;
- Depressive, anxiety;
- incoordination, touch, memory, tremors, numbness and so on. P.;
- Violation of basic reflexes (fecal incontinence, urine, respiratory failure, and so on. N.).
In most cases, the treatment of neurological diseases is reduced to medical conservative therapy. Frequently used methods of manual and Alternativeion therapy, especially during rehabilitation. Surgery is indicated only in cases of emergency, when there is a violation of the basic functions of the body.