Pancreas and its functions
Our body is one of the most complex and Sauveurdents on the planet, in terms of evolution, adaptation to living conditions and the functioning of the organism. It is a collection of various organs and systems. that act together, thus fulfilling its specific functions.
All the processes that occur inside the body, pinby travel by developing control components - hormones, enzymes. For their production (secretion) meets the endocrine system, which consists of a set of secretory glands that produce the necessary enzymes and hormones in sufficient for the normal functioning of the amount. One of the most important glands in the body is an nodzheludochnaya iron man. It is not only the components of the endocrine system, but also an important organ of the digestive system. More details about the pancreas can be found on the website:.
The functions of the pancreas can be divided into two large groups:
- exocrine, which is to develop the so-called pancreatic juice rich in digestive enzymes;
- endocrine or hormone, which is implemented by secreting hormones group is a critical regulatory effect on metabolism (carbohydrate, fat, Protein).
The enzyme, digestive gland component is represented by the secretion of important enzymes such as trypsin, chymotrypsin, amylase, pancreatic lipase. Hormonal function is to develop the most important metabolic hormones - glucagon and insulin, which, respectively, increasesm or lower blood glucose (sugar) in the blood. It is due to impaired insulin secretion, a person becomes susceptible to the development of one of the worst known to science chronic diseases - diabetes.
From the point of view of human anatomy and physiology, the pancreas is an elongatede entity which is located behind the stomach, tightly adhering to the duodenum. It owes its name to the fact that if a human face in a vertical position it is located just below the stomach. This is quite a large gland that in adulthood can reach 15-20 cm in length, with a weight of up to '80 From the perspective of artswarming glands secrete its macro- and microelements. The first group includes the head, body and tail. The second group consists of exo- and endocrine glands inside the area.